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Standards

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Short descriptionFairtrade International is an independent, non governmental, not-for-profit organization that promotes sustainable development and poverty alleviation and sets the Fairtrade standards. Nineteen national organizations, called Fairtrade Labelling Initiatives, market the Fairtrade products in 24 countries in Europe, North America, Australia, New Zeland. One organization - FLO-CERT - is responsible for auditing and certification of compliance against the Fairtrade standards.
Facts and Figures- 19 national Fairtrade organizations operating in 24 countries (as of 2014) to improve market access for Small Producers and working conditions for Plantation Workers. - 1210 producer organizations, representing over 1.4 million farmers (80%) and workers (20%) in 74 countries (as of 2013) - €86 million premium paid (as of 2013) - €5.5 billion Fairtrade sales in over 125 countries (as of 2013)
Key features- Fairtrade provides producers with access to a fast growing market segment that is highly recognized by consumers in the global North. - Fairtrade standards are designed to tackle poverty and empower producers in the poorest countries in the world. The standards apply to both producers and traders. - The Fairtrade standards are developed through a collaborative and voluntary process by members, farmers, industry, scientists and advisors from the private and public sector. The main components of fair and sustainable trading relations in the Fairtrade Textile standard - Criteria for all stages of production for the entire supply chain: all supply chain actors including brands need to establish fair, reliable and predictable contract arrangements to facilitate long term investments in the improvement of workers’ conditions. Once their entire supply chain has been certified, products may carry the Fairtrade Textile Production Mark (PDF). Product packaging will also indicate the brand’s progress towards achieving living wages in the product supply chain. - It is applicable in only countries where Freedom of Association is possible as determined by the geographic scope policy. Excluded countries are listed in the policy. - The standard is open to other sustainable fibres, in addition to Fairtrade cotton, in order to leverage supply chains and reach a broader range of factories and workers as determined by the Fairtrade sustainable Fibre Criteria. - All subcontractors must be registered and agree to audits. The subcontractors comply with labour conditions and the grievance procedures. There must be a management system in place to monitor and support subcontractor compliance. The Standard includes: - Core requirements, which must be met by producer organizations before initial certification; and - Development requirements, against which compliance must be demonstrated over time and by means of continuous improvement. source: //www.fairtrade.net/standards/our-standards/textile-standard.html
Product specific / Process specific / Service Specific / GenericProduct specific
Last up-date in Standards MapApril 2017
AddressFaitrade International (FLO) Bonner Talweg 177 53129 Bonn
Telephone+49 (0) 228 949 23 - 101
E-mailinfo@fairtrade.net
Websitehttp://www.fairtrade.net
Description of geographic scopeThe Fairtrade standards are applicable to producers in over 120 countries. Certification services were operational in 120 countries.
Source of informationFLO-CERT (http://www.flo-cert.net/flo-cert/29.html)
Region - AfricaBenin,Burkina Faso,Cameroon,Comoros,Congo,Côte d'Ivoire,Egypt,Ethiopia,Ghana,Kenya,Madagascar,Malawi,Mali,Mauritius,Morocco,Mozambique,Rwanda,Sao Tome and Principe,Senegal,Sierra Leone,South Africa,Swaziland,Togo,Tunisia,Uganda,United Republic of Tanzania,Zambia,Zimbabwe
Region - AsiaChina,India,Indonesia,Kyrgyzstan,Lao People's Democratic Republic,Lebanon,Pakistan,Palestine,Philippines,Sri Lanka,Thailand,Uzbekistan,Viet Nam
Region - Europe
Region - Central AmericaBelize,Costa Rica,Cuba,Dominica,Dominican Republic,El Salvador,Guatemala,Haiti,Honduras,Nicaragua,Panama,St. Lucia,St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Region - North AmericaMexico
Region - South AmericaArgentina,Bolivia,Brazil,Chile,Colombia,Ecuador,Paraguay,Peru,Uruguay
Region - AustralasiaFiji,Papua New Guinea
DescriptionFairtrade covers a wide range of agriculture, composite and manufactured goods including bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton, flowers, fresh fruits, honey, gold, juices, rice, spice and herbs, sport balls, sugar, tea, wine and composite products.
Step 1Review Fairtrade standards application to (i) product at stake, (ii) type of organization, and (iii) country (http://www.flo-cert.net)
Étape 2Contact FLO-CERT directly to receive an information package (applications@flo-cert.net)
Step 3Fill in and send back to FLO-CERT the registration form included in the information package.
Step 4Pay the Initial Certification Fee covering the auditing procedure. The fee differs depending on the organizational structure of the production unit (http://www.flo-cert.net).
Step 5Set a date for the first audit exercise: auditors will check if you adhere to the requirements listed in the standard documents applying to the product and type of organization.
Step 6Physical audit takes place.
Step 7In case of non-conformities, a plan of corrective actions needs to be set-up that addresses the identified non-conformities with the standard.
Step 8Once the proposed corrective measures have been approved by FLO-CERT, a certificate is delivered.
Step 9
Step 10
LOCAL OFFICE 1Coordinadora Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Comercio Justo (CLAC) Boulevard Merliot, Polígono C Edificio UCRAPROBEX San Salvador
Country
Telephone(503) 2278-8482
Fax
E-mailinfo@claconline.com
Websitehttp://www.clac-comerciojusto.org/
LOCAL OFFICE 2Fairtrade Africa 5th Avenue Suite, Room 8&9, 5th Avenue Ngong Ngong Road, Nairobi
Country
Telephone+254 2027 21930
Fax
E-mail
Websitehttp://www.fairtradeafrica.net/
LOCAL OFFICE 3Fairtrade Network of Asia and Pacific Producers 3307, Tower 2, Lippo Centre 89, Queensway, Hong Kong Fairtrade Office (Producer Services & Relations) # 50, II flr, MSH layout 2nd Cross, Anandnagar Bangalore 560024
Country
TelephoneTel: +91 (080) 233 – 397 - 36
Fax
E-mailfairtradenap@sunnysideup.co.nz (NAP)
Websitewww.fairtradenapp.org
LOCAL OFFICE 4FLO-CERT Costa Rica Calles 34-36 Avenida 4, Apto 3660 San Jose
Country
Telephone+506 22 56 71 96
Fax+506 22 56 52 18
E-mailLA@flocert.net
Website
LOCAL OFFICE 5FLO-CERT South Africa D8 Collingwood Black River Park Fir Street, Observatory Cape Town 7925 South Africa
Country
Telephone+27 21 671 0289
Fax
E-mailafrica@flocert.net
Website
LOCAL OFFICE 6FLO-CERT Tanzania P.O.Box 100 Karatu
Country
Telephone+ 255 787 422012
Fax
E-mailafrica@flocert.net
Website
LOCAL OFFICE 7FLO-CERT India Pavilion Lake View Farm Ramagondanahalli PO Whitefield, Bangalore 560 066 India
Country
Telephone+91 80 2849 5872 / 2854 2929
Fax+27 21 671 0289
E-mailasia@flocert.net
Website
LOCAL OFFICE 8Fairtrade Office (Producer Services & Relations) Christman House, Airport Residential Area 3rd Floor Room 317, P.O Box KA 9272 Accra
Country
Telephone+233 302 76 64 11
Fax
E-mail
Website
LOCAL OFFICE 9Fairtrade Office (Producer Services & Relations) 5th Avenue Office Suites Room 8 & 9, 5th Avenue Ngong Road, PO Box 10481 – 00100, Nairobi
Country
Telephone+254 202 721930
Fax
E-mail
Websitewww.fairtradeafrica.net
LOCAL OFFICE 10
Country
Telephone
Fax
E-mail
Website
Requirement - Immediate actionIn the Fairtrade Standards there are two different types of requirements: the “Core” and the “Development” requirements. Each requirement is assigned a number (0, 1, 3 or 6). This number represents the number of years the organization has until it is audited against the requirement. All “core requirements” must be complied with in the respective year mentioned in the standard. Some 'core requirements' are 'Majors. These majors are central principles to Fairtrade and must be complied with at all times. All 'Core' requirements assigned to “Year 0” are presented in Standards Map as 'immediate requirements'.
Requirement - Witin 1 yearAll 'Core' requirements assigned to “Year 1” and all “Development” requirements assigned to “Year 1” are presented in Standards Map as 'short-term requirements'.
Requirement - Witin 3 yearsAll 'Core' requirements assigned to “Year 3” and all “Development” requirements assigned to “Year 3” are presented in Standards Map as 'Medium-term requirements'.
Requirement - Witin 5 yearsAll 'Core' requirements assigned to “Year 6” and all “Development” requirements assigned to “Year 6” are presented in Standards Map as 'long-term requirements'.
RecomendationsSuggestions made in the 'Guidance' on how to comply with the requirements are presented in Standards Map as 'recommendations'.
Pass or failCore requirements can be considered as 'Pass/Fail' criteria in Standards There are three possible outcomes for assessed Core Criteria: 'Yes' (which corresponds to PASS), 'No' (which corresponds to FAIL) and 'Not Applicable' (NA). According to Fairtrade's 'SCORE Certification Model' a score of 3.0 (on a scale from 1.0 to 5.0) leads to the evaluation result “Yes”, a score below 3.0 leads to a “No”. If NA is selected the criterion is not applicable and will not be taken into consideration.
ScoringDevelopment requirements can be considered 'Scoring' criteria in Standards Map. They are indicated with the term ’Dev’ found in the column on the left throughout the Standard. The Development criteria have to be fulfilled on average (unlike the Core requirements), which means that customers are free to choose what requirements they improve, as long as they meet the necessary average across all Development requirements. If you are below a score of 3.0 on average across the relevant Development requirements, you are non-compliant with the Core requirement 'The average score of the Development criteria is equal or above 3.0'.
Risk-basedThere are two surveillance audits during a certification cycle. Depending on the risk categorization of the operator, ONE of these surveillance audits can be skipped.
Traffic LightNot applicable
Corrective ActionsFor each non-conformity identified, the audited organization needs to define corrective measures themselves under the conditions defined by the certification body. Corrective measures for non-conformities in Core standard requirements that translate into “Major” compliance criteria must be implemented with highest priority. The certification body follows up on the corrective measures and extends the certificate after full implementation of all corrective measures (according to the Standard Operating Procedures for Certification defined by FLO-Cert). If corrective measures are not defined or implemented by the audited organization a suspension or decertification may be decreed by the certification body. The final certification decision is made on an individual, case-oriented basis.
Major non-compliance
Minor non-compliance
Verification/certification costs - estimate"The fees depend on the number of members, workers and production sites. Special rates for very small organizations and plantations apply Covered in FLO-CERT Fee Lists: //www.flo-cert.net/flo-cert/35.html"
Main factors of costNumber of workers,Number of production units
Responsible entity for certification costProducers / companies,Producers' associations,Traders and supply chain intermediaries,Buyers and retailers
External audits costs
External audits corrective actions
Implementation costs - estimatesVaries depending on context and baseline.
Responsible entity for implementaiton costProducers,Producers' associations,Traders and supply chain intermediaries,Buyers and retailers
Membership fee - estimateFairtrade does not require membership, but a certification against the Fairtrade standards. This certification is issued by the certification body at a cost-covering fee. The fee calculation is based on the number of production units and the number of workers. The certification is issued not to individual farmers, but to farmer organizations (cooperatives).
Existence of documented policy for products labelling
Description of policy for products labellingIn order to use the FAIRTRADE Mark on a finished product every step in the supply chain must be certified against the Fairtrade Standards and a valid license contract must be maintained with a National Fairtrade Organization or with Fairtrade International. Parties interested in using the FAIRTRADE Mark on finished products should refer to the Fairtrade Organization responsible for the market where they are located.
On-product claims
Off-product claims
Policy on how the claim is delivered (on/off product, use of seal/logo...)
Description
Policy for payment of a specific fee for using seal/logo by producers/exporters
Description
Policy for payment of a specific fee for using seal/logo by traders/retailers
Description
Policy for payment of a membership fee, which allows for using seal/logo
Description
Labelling fee - if applicableNot applicable for certification. License fees apply for the Licensees and need to be paid to the labelling initiative of the corresponding country into which most sales take place.
Source of informationwww.fairtrade.net
The standard initiative specifically targets some key
Target constituentSmall-scale producers and producers groups,Small and medium-sized enterprises,Large-scale enterprises,Vulnerable and minority groups,Community-based organizations
DetailsThe Faitrade Standard for Small Producer Organizations applies to small-scale producers that supply Fairtrade products. (For a definition of a small-scale producer, please consult the standard!) Fairtrade Standard for Hired Labour applies to all companies working with hired labour (farms, plantations, factories, manufacturing industries, etc.) given that a product-specific Fairtrade standard exists for their product. The standard is NOT primarily designed to create benefits for the certified company, but for their workers.
Is the standard system accessible to any interested producer/supplier?
In terms of membership?No membership is required
Which party initiates the process of certification/verification?Anyone in the value chain can join and initiate the process
Who can join the initiative and use the standard / code?Anyone in the value chain
Who is initiating the process of applying the standard?Primary producer,Suppliers and intermediaries,Traders,Buyers and Retailers,Other
Are there specific requirements / restrictions on who can apply for certification?
DescriptionOperators must be located in countries where Freedom of Association of workers is possible and not restricted by law.
Price information and estimatesDetailed information on price per product on website: http://www.fairtrade.net/793.html
Price information and estimatDetailed information on premiums paid per product on http://www.fairtrade.net/793.html.
Market price guarantee
Description of market price guarantee - if applicableDetailed information on market price guaranteed per product on http://www.fairtrade.net/793.html.
Standard documents
URL(s) where documents can be downloadedhttp://www.fairtrade.net/our_standards.html
List* Fairtrade Standard for Small Producer Organizations * Fairtrade Standard for Contract Production * Fairtrade Standard for Hired Labour * Fairtrade Trade Standard * Product Standards for Small Producers (cane sugar; cereals; cocoa; coffee; fiber crops; fresh fruit; gold; herbs, herbal teas & spices; honey; gold; nuts; oilseeds and oleaginous fruit; prepared and preserved fruit and vegetables; secondary products; tea; timber; vegetables) * Product Standards for Hired Labour (flowers; fresh fruit; fresh vegetables; prepared and preserved fruit, secondary products; sport balls; tea)
Interpretation guidelines
URL(s) where documents can be downloaded
ListIn each chapter and section of the Standard you will find: The guidance that will help to interpret the requirements. The guidance to provide best practices, suggestions and examples of how to comply with the requirement. It can also give further explanations on the requirements with the rationale and/or intention behind the requirement.
Frequency of standards revisionsEvery 5 years
Standards setting and review process"SOP Development of Fairtrade Standards 12.01.2012. 3.5 Review Cycle" http://www.fairtrade.net/fileadmin/user_upload/content/2009/standards/documents/2012-02-07_SOP_Development_Fairtrade_Standards.pdf
Inclusiveness of stakeholders in standards development and reviewAll stakeholders
General assemblyGeneral Assembly
Management board / councilFairtrade International Board - Elected by the General Assembly
Standard setting/review committeeFairtrade Standards Committee - ensures inclusion of feedback
Dispute committeeFairtrade Standards Unit receives complaints and deals with them
Stakeholders council / forumFairtrade Standards Unit manages multi-stakeholders consultations
Other technical committees
Explicit written procedure for Monitoring and Evaluation?
DescriptionThe Fairtrade Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning system includes an annual monitoring component with global coverage, in combination with regular structured impact assessment research focusing on specific product sectors and countries. Annual monitoring data for a range of indicators is collected from audit reports. This data is analysed and then made publicly available in the Annual Fairtrade Monitoring Report available at: www.fairtrade.net/impact-and-research.html Impacts research is commissioned from external independent researchers and the results are made publicly available via the Fairtrade International website. The approach and indicators are defined in a tailor-made impact assessment methodology. The Fairtrade system as a whole commissions 2-4 impact research projects each year as well as supporting external research projects where possible.
Main responsible authority for M&E activities
Main purpose of M&E activitiesImprovement of standards
Frequency of internal M&E reporting
Frequency of external M&E reporting
Are multi-stakeholders engaged in M&E activities
Is there collaboration of third party researchers or organization for M&E activities?
Modus operandi for M&E activities to be conducted with partners DRAGONFairtrade impacts research is commissioned from external independent researchers and research institutions. Within the Fairtrade system we commission between 2 and 4 such studies annually. In addition, we work wherever possible with external researchers and institutions undertaking relevant research on Fairtrade impacts to support the wider research agenda on Fairtrade and impacts of certification.
M&E indicators scope - Environment
M&E indicators scope - Social
M&E indicators scope - Economic
M&E indicators scope - Quality
M&E indicators scope - Scale of operations
M&E indicators scope -Operational and financial results

Information last updated in the Standards Map database:

  • Fairtrade International - Small Producers Organizations - April 2017