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Standards

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Short descriptionThe FairWild Foundation was developed for promoting sustainable management and supply chain development of wild-collected natural ingredients and products. FairWild Foundation maintains the FairWild Standard and certification scheme for sustainable collection and fair trade in these ingredients. The FairWild Standard provides guidance on best-practice harvesting and trading of wild-harvested plant (and similar) resources and forms the basis of a third-party audited certification scheme.
Facts and Figures* 10 operators and traders achieved FairWild certification by end of 2012 (26 species) * FairWild marked products now sold worldwide, including in USA, UK, Canada, Germany and Japan. * Standard now available in 13 languages
Key featuresThe FairWild Standard has integrated earlier versions of the ISSC-MAP and FairWild Standard, becoming the FairWild Standard Version 2.0 in 2010. Implementation of the FairWild Standard is based on the core requirements of: Resource assessment; Management planning; Sustainable collecting practices; Cost calculation along the supply chain; Traceability of goods and finances; Documented fair trading practices. Other implementation systems than Certification: a) Guidance for Resource Management: when markets for certified products are absent b) Laws and regulations: as a guidance for legislative processes. c) Private standards: as a model or guidance by private sector companies. The FairWild Standard is designed to be applicable to the wide array of geographic, ecological, cultural, economic and trade conditions in which wild collection of plant resources occurs. It primarily addresses the collection of wild plant materials for commercial purposes, rather than for subsistence or local small-scale use. Fair trade principles: the FairWild price is paid by the buyer to the wild collection enterprise, it is based on cost calculations and it is usually slightly above the normal market prices for conventional wild-collected crops, reflecting the efforts made by the collectors and all other actors in the supply chain to adopt best practices, and incorporating payment of a higher price to collectors. In addition a separate FairWild Premium is paid to the collectors to be used as a fund for community development purposes. A distinction is made between species judged to be at low, medium or high risk of unsustainable collection, with more rigorous requirements in place for management and monitoring collection of the latter.
Product specific / Process specific / Service Specific / GenericProduct specific
Last up-date in Standards MapMarch 2017
Addressc/o TRAFFIC International 219a Huntingdon Rd Cambridge CB3 ODL United Kingdom
Telephone +44 (0)1223 277427
E-mailsecretariat@FairWild.org
Websitewww.fairwild.org
Description of geographic scopeAt the end of 2012, FairWild-certified ingredients were available from Bosnia- Herzegovina, Kazakhstan, Poland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Bolivia, encompassing 26 different species. In addition, a number of FairWild implementation projects are underway worldwide, which may lead to additional wild collection operations becoming certified. See the FairWild website for the latest details.
Source of informationhttp://www.fairwild.org/publication-downloads/other-documents/FairWild_species_products.pdf
Region - AfricaKenya
Region - AsiaAzerbaijan,Kazakhstan
Region - EuropeArmenia,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Bulgaria,Hungary,Poland,The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Region - Central America
Region - North America
Region - South AmericaBolivia
Region - Australasia
DescriptionThe scope of the FairWild Standard includes ingredients of herbal drugs and other botanical products originating from wild plants, plant parts and plant products, fungi and lichens collected from natural habitats. FairWild thus covers a wide range of products collected from the wild (e.g. medicinal and aromatic plants, berries, wild fruits, nuts and seeds, mushrooms), as well as raw materials for finished products (e.g. essential and fatty oils) and products containing FairWild ingredients (see FairWild Labelling)(http://www.fairwild.org/certification-overview).
Step 1Application, including description of the project
Étape 2On-site audit, delivering a comprehensive audit report
Step 3Evaluation of this report, including information received from third parties
Step 4Certification, including potential conditions for improvement
Step 5NA
Step 6NA
Step 7NA
Step 8NA
Step 9NA
Step 10NA
Requirement - Immediate actionThere are two types of compliance requirements: MINIMUM requirements which must be met in the year they are listed, and a Total Norm Points score, which increases year by year. MINIMUM requirements listed for year 1 must be met immediately and therefore are presented on Standards Map as 'Critical' requirements.
Requirement - Witin 1 yearMINIMUM requirements that must be achieved in Year 2 are presented on Standards Map as 'Short-term' requirements.
Requirement - Witin 3 yearsMINIMUM requirements that must be achieved in Year 3 are presented on Standards Map as 'Medium-term' requirements.
Requirement - Witin 5 yearsOver a 5 year period, the percentage of Total Norm Points that must be achieved rises from 60% in Year 1 to 100 % in Year 5. Therefore, all the criteria other than MINIMUM requirements are presented on Standards Map as 'Long-term' requirements.
RecomendationsBeyond compliance requirements, FairWild-certified operators can increase their score by meeting the descriptions of best practice. Some sections of the Standard have additional performance indicators for voluntary commitments. Therefore, best practice (score of 3 for each control point) and additional voluntary commitments are interpreted as recommendations.
Pass or failMinimum requirements must be met in order to get certified for FairWild for the first time. The minimum requirements will increase with the second and thrid year of certification. Compliance requirements are explained in the FairWild Standard v.2.0 performance indicators document (page 2).
ScoringAdditionally, a gradually increasing minimum percentage of Total Norm Points is required for FairWild certification. The minimum percentage of Total Norm Points required for the first year of certification is 60%, gradually increasing to 100% compliance over five years.
Risk-basedFairWild defines two sets of performance indicators that apply respectively to all target species and collection operations, and to species considered by the FairWild Foundation to be at high risk of unsustainable wild collection.
Traffic LightNot applicable.
Corrective ActionsNot applicable.
Major non-compliance
Minor non-compliance
Verification/certification costs - estimateCost calculations are made individually. They depend on the location, size and complexity of operations and include audit, evaluation, certification and office costs. A fee is payable for the initial assessment of the target species to be certified (FairWild “risk analysis”).
Main factors of costVolumes of production,Other
Responsible entity for certification cost
External audits costs
External audits corrective actions
Implementation costs - estimatesNo information
Responsible entity for implementaiton cost
Membership fee - estimateLicense fee: A fee is payable for use of the FairWild mark on finished manufactured products, or otherwise making claims about the certified status of ingredients in the products. This is calculated based on annual turnover declarations submitted to the FairWild Foundation. Companies wishing to market finished products as containing FairWild ingredients must sign a license agreement with FairWild Foundation.
Price information and estimatesThe FairWild price that is paid by the buyer to the wild collection enterprise is based on cost calculations but it is always slightly above the normal market prices for conventional wild-collected crops. The FairWild price should be adequate to compensate the collectors’ extra efforts; in general at least 5 % higher than the price for conventional wild-collected crops in the area. Best practice would be to provide much higher prices than normal (> approximately 10 % higher, depending on the local situation).
Price information and estimatThe FairWild Premium is paid to the collectors / collectors’ associations reflecting the efforts made by the collectors and all other actors in the supply chain to arrive at sustainable wild collection, production and sales of the respective final products. It is usually 10 % over the individual collector’s selling price.
Market price guarantee
Description of market price guarantee - if applicable
Standard documents
URL(s) where documents can be downloadedhttp://www.fairwild.org/documents
ListFairWild Standard 2.0 - August 2010 FairWild Standard 2.0 Performance Indicators - August 2010 Branding Guidelines
Interpretation guidelines
URL(s) where documents can be downloaded
ListFairWild Guidance Manual for Social and Fair Trade Aspects DRAFT NOV 2012
Frequency of standards revisionsAd hoc basis
Standards setting and review processThe FairWild Standard version 2.0 was produced in August 2010. The FairWild Standard will continue to be reviewed on a regular basis, and open consultations will be announced on the FairWild Website.
Inclusiveness of stakeholders in standards development and reviewAll stakeholders

Information last updated in the Standards Map database:

  • FairWild - March 2017